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Blue Nose PitBull Facts & Everything You Need to Know


The Blue Nose Pit bulls, more famously known as American pit bull terriers, are quite fascinating dogs. Unlike other terriers, their unique feature is their blue colored nose from where the name originates. While being extremely frightening and intimidating to look at, they are quite loving, caring, and even good with children. Even though the blue nose Pit Bull is a relatively new breed of dogs, the hype has been surrounding it due to its unique features. If you have decided to own a Pit Bull terrier then here are some things that you must keep in mind before purchasing them.

A Blue Nose?

You must understand that Blue Nose Pit Bulls are not a different breed of dog. The blue nose Pit Bull is an American Pit Bull terrier, and they come in many colors and sizes. The blue nose is the result of breeding between parents that have recessive coat color genes. This abnormality is very rare in dogs, leading to blue nose Pit Bulls to be harder to find. The recessive genes trigger decreased melanin production; melanin is responsible for skin color in dogs and skin tanning in humans.

Some breeders take advantage of this rarity and mix different breeds of dogs to get said blue hues in dogs. These breeders then sell their makeshift dogs at high prices, so you should be careful. If a breeder tells you that they are a different breed, you should ask for previous medical records. A reliable breeder will be able to provide those records.

Simply put, these dogs are not a different breed of dog. Instead, they belong to American Pit Bull Terriers. However, the American Kennel Club does not recognize American Pit Bull terriers as an official dog breed. Furthermore, in response to this Chauncey Bennett created the United Kennel Club, which, in the U.S, is the second oldest dog registry. United Kennel Club later registered American Pit Bull Terriers as an official breed of dog.


More often than not, the history of Pit Bulls is confusing people. Even experts are having trouble tracing proper and authentic history for these dogs.

  1. Staffordshire Bull Terrier (SBT): These dogs are recognized by the American Kennel Club and their United Kennel Club
  2. American Staffordshire Terrier (AST): The American kennel club recognizes them
  3. American pit bull terrier (APBT): these canines are recognized by the American Kennel Association and the united kennel club

Currently speaking these are the three main types of pit bulls. All Pit Bulls belong to either one of these breeds or are a mix. The most plausible classification for these dogs would be work dogs. That’s in part due to them being descendants of the terrier dogs. These terriers were most useful for fighting in blood sports and people raised them for this purpose. However, the American bulldog, though sharing resemblance, belongs to a different breed of dog, the Mastiff. These dogs were mainly for hunting and guarding, as they were not as strong as terriers

The Blue nose pit bull is more an American pit bull terrier but shows traits more similar to the American Staffordshire terrier. The Staffordshire is a friendlier and less aggressive dog and were the first the American kennel club recognized. Overall, the American Kennel Club avoids pit bulls in general because of the controversy surrounding it.

The Pit Bull Controversy

During the time of the Ancient Roman Empire and the 1800’s a past time known as blood sports became quite famous. The ancestors of Pit Bulls, Terriers, fought each other or bulls to the death in these sports for the joy of the spectators. Born and bred to be killing machines, the Terriers were very muscular and had great power in their jaws. Even though such a blood sport is now against the law many people still breed Pit Bulls for underground death matches. With a blood-soaked history and current legal issues circulating these poor dogs, the American kennel club refuses to recognize Pit Bulls.

Now your surely wondering why is it so hard to differentiate between the AST, APBT, and SBT. Well, during the 1800s when breeders raised Pit Bulls to fight they would do so in secret. They did this to gain the upper hand on their competitors. This secret breeding gave air to the controversy that steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs were making these dogs beastly. These drugs could leave a permanent impact on their brains, making them result in violence.

Don’t judge

You may be second-guessing owning them after knowing their history, but you shouldn’t be so quick to judge.  During the 1980s, people in the U.S considered the Pit Bull as a symbol of strength and unity. This was until the breeders decided to increase the overall muscle mass of the dog, which resulted in bad temperament. The results of this breeding travesty were large dogs of up to 70 pounds with a bad temperament. Therefore leading to a bad name and a fear of pit bulls ever since.

However, you might change your mind after learning about their distinct traits. Furthermore, here is how the Blue nose pit bull could be the best dog for you and your family.

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Although each Pit Bull is different, the Blue Nose prefers human interactions to interactions with other dogs. It is easy to see why they don’t get along with other dogs, as pit bulls are overly competitive. Nevertheless, they form greater bonds with humans due to their similar emotional and empathetic nature. As they are the host of complex emotions like humans, they can sometimes show stubbornness or complex behavior. If trained well, they will willingly subside their emotional needs when they see that their behavior is disturbing you. Moreover, if disciplined, they will not have an emotional outburst. They won’t even behave recklessly.

Pets are lovable in all shapes and sizes, but not in the case of the Blue Nose. Due to the dog being extremely competitive, it will probably fight with other dogs. Other smaller pets are also at risk due to the Blue Nose’s predatory nature. This can cause for concern as you will not feel your dog’s aggressive nature but your other pets will. While training an adult Blue Nose is very hard, they can learn because of socializing and proper training. In the case where your Blue Nose is an adult and not accustomed to socializing with other dogs, you can use the crate and rotate method on them. While one is roaming around you should put one in the crate and vice versa. Nevertheless, no matter how they interact with other dogs that will not change the way they interact with humans. Another one of their defining traits is that they can differentiate between species, which further proves how smart they are.

Due to their strong emotional state and durability, they make for amazing companions for children. Even with a history of bloodshed, they are surprisingly patient and loving to children. Since children tend to play rough with pets, a blue nose is your best choice for a pet. While playing, children often tug on their pets’ tails, hug them tightly or climb on their backs. Even for disciplined dogs, acts like these often result in aggression, but not for the blue nose. A Blue Nose has the physical and mental endurance to handle the children and their playful needs.

While pit bulls have a very complex emotional nature, this can turn out to be a double-edged sword. On the one hand, if treated with care love and affection, your Pit Bull will give you back the same. On the other hand, if you mistreat them during their young ages, they will start resenting you. Moreover, this might lead to major behavioral issues, If not taken seriously then cannot change later on. If you are worried about your Blue Nose’s temperament then you can simply adopt a puppy. You can train them at an early age to be the way that fits you best.


At times, the blue nose may look goofy or intimidating. However, what most people overlook about them is that they are very smart. Since they are smart, they make good pets. Due to high intelligence, you can train and discipline them very quickly. This also means that you can train them to do tricks that are otherwise too complex for other dogs through proper training. Furthermore, if you intend to train your dog you must ensure that you are qualified to train them. On the other hand, you can hire a professional trainer to make sure your dog gets the right training.  When pit bulls grow old, they become more reluctant to new training.


As the case with most dog breeds, the Blue Nose has a lot of energy. If you are not a very active person yourself then the Blue Nose is not the pet for you. Along with quality playtime, these dogs (both adults and pups) require lots of exercising to burn off excess energy. Blue Nose pups are incredibly playful so having many toys around helps in releasing energy. Start getting them used to walks with a leash at a young age, as when they grow older they tend to get more stubborn. Even if you are strolling around the house, it is necessary they release their energy. If they do not get their required exercise for the day, they will start to act out. Much like other breeds of dogs, they may start to get aggressive, start chewing on things or start digging holes.

As much as they are active, Blue Noses are also excellent jumpers. These dogs can jump up to 6 feet high, and sometimes even higher. However, all that jumping in their excitement is not necessarily very good. As the impact of getting hit by the dog is identical to a tackle. Furthermore, furniture or other perishable items are at risk of braking while the dog jumps without restraint. With the help of a trainer, the dog must be disciplined and taught that such actions are not allowed. This will either lessen or prevent the jumping.

Watch the Watchdog

Based on looks Blue noses are very intimidating, but they only possess the looks to be a watchdog. These Pit Bulls are Loyal no doubt, but they are not protective. The reason for this strange trait being its extremely friendly nature, and they extend this nature to every human they meet. In simpler terms, your dog is most likely to play with the intruder than barking or scaring them away. This is the only shortcoming of the Blue Nose that is not changeable. No amount of training can change the way a blue nose views the people it sees. The most a blue nose can do is bark at someone not part of the family, but he can’t become a true watchdog.


Very much like other dogs, these pit bulls can also be prone to diseases or illnesses. Ailments can sometimes be genetic or by inbred breeding, they are also susceptible to cancer, grass allergies, etc. Other allergies include:

  • Alopecia (baldness)
  • Neurological Disorders
  • Heart Diseases
  • Mange
  • Immune Disorders
  • Allergies
  • Cataracts

Most if not all these diseases are the result of inbreeding done by breeders to increase chances to get blue nose puppies. Nonetheless, these ailments should not discourage you from inhabiting a truly beautiful and loving companion. If you are taking care of their health and diet, they can live for up to 15 years with ease. If you are still felling doubt, you can always resort to a trusted veterinarian.

Grooming and hygiene

With a Blue Nose being active comes with it a great disadvantage, they sweat heavily. Hence, it becomes a responsibility for you to give them baths regularly. Unlike other breeds of dogs that are not used to baths, these pit bulls fairly enjoy taking baths. Bathe them using a tub or a sink with mild pet shampoo. These pit bulls don’t have a thick protective coat, which makes them cold very easily. Compared to other dogs Pit Bulls have a tough time regulating body temperature. This means a blue nose in most cases cannot withstand heat and prefer cold temperatures.

Baths are not the only important thing for your Pit Bull. Instead, you should groom them regularly. If done properly, this will reduce shedding and keep your house cleaner. Though it varies from dog to dog how often they bathe, Blue nose Pit Bulls should bathe at least once a month. While bathing them, you should use warm water, similar to bathing a newborn baby. Moreover, you should use specific dog shampoos as human products can cause irritations in the skin and dry the natural oils in their fur.

During a bath, you must also clean their ears with the appropriate ear care wipes, gently. If not taken care, dirty ears can cause infections or other health hazards. You must at all costs follow the instructions detailed on the packaging of the ear wipes. Because of these pit bulls being sensitive you can deal damage to your dogs hearing by using earbuds.

Much like humans their teeth also needs taking care of. You can care for your dog’s teeth by purchasing specialized dental products or by giving them a proper diet of dry and wet food. To no surprise, bathing hygiene and grooming must be introduced at a young age. Since these Pit Bulls are very stubborn, so your bestbet is to train your little pup through positive reinforcement. Due to a blue nose having similar emotional needs as humans it is necessary that you stay calm during a bath. If your dog senses that your stress, they will start to fret and might not cooperate next time.

In conclusion, the blue nose is a very emotional, loving and compassionate dog. Though at times they may act out or act aggressive, this is simply because of excess energy they have in their bodies. Moreover, they must be well fed and taken care of as many of their diseases do not have symptoms that stand out. Do not let their past discourage you from inhabiting them as they can be a wonderful companion to your family. Because of the immense strength, both physical and emotional, they are very good around children especially if they play rough.

German Shepherd Collie Mix – What You Need To Know About Shollies


The German Shepherd Collie mix, also known as the Collie Shepherd mix is a large mixed breed between a German shepherd parent and a Border collie parent. This post is written to help you find out what you can expect when you bring this cross breed home.

Where does the breed come from?

German Shepherd Collie mix or ‘Shollies’ as they are lovingly called are basically designer dogs. They have become increasingly popular over the last two to three decades. There are no established details about how, when and why this cross was made.

It’s not easy to determine how the ‘mix dog’ would look like when a German shepherd and a Border collie are cross-bred. However the result is greatly decided by the dominant ‘appearance gene.’ To know what you can expect in ‘Shollies,’ have a quick look at the history and traits of the purebred German shepherd and the Border collie.

German Shepherd Collie Mix via

The German shepherd

Towards the end of the 19th century, a cavalry officer from Germany decided to breed a superior herding dog. The German shepherd is strong, intelligent and athletic in every sense. He excels as a guard dog and can be used for police and military work.

An important thing to remember is that German shepherd is a lovable family dog. He loves to be around his owners who give him the exercise (physical and mental stimulation) he needs. The dog can be trained easily and is extremely protective about its owner.

The Border collie

The Border collie comes from the region what is now called Great Britain. He is a great learner and is quite athletic and intelligent. Interestingly Collies are always in search of physical and mental exercise that would make them happy.

Shollies – Temperament

There are several common patterns when it comes to how the German shepherd would look and behave in your home.


Shollies are energetic, intelligent, hard working and protective. They are playful with their owners and prefer to show their loving, caring and affectionate side. However, they can be aloof and wary of strangers. Thanks to their parents, the German shepherd collie mix cross breeds have high activity requirements and prefer to play around. They require at least 2 long walks daily to stay active and healthy.

Guard Dog

This mix breed is very protective of its owner and other family members. They do everything possible to prevent them from harm. Your dog will get aggressive and start barking when they sense danger or stranger around anyone they care for. But you don’t have to worry about aggression or excessive barking when there’s no real threat or danger.

German shepherds are one of the hardest working dogs and this trait can be seen in the mix breed off springs. In fact Shollies are an excellent choice if you want to bring a hard working hard home.*

*Remember that Shollies are capable, intelligent and energetic, but they won’t be as good as their purebred parent when it comes to getting the job done fairly quickly.


The German shepherd Collie Mix is absolutely adorable and loves to have fun around people it is familiar with. This gentle and loving dog is good around children; however you should always supervise the interaction.


This mix breed is fairly easy to train, thanks to its intelligent parents. In fact, it would be a breeze for you to teach it fun tricks every now and then.

It is recommended that you train and socialize your pet the moment you bring it home so that he learns not to chase small pets and kids or get too aggressive. In addition, you have to use positive reinforcement, not harsh techniques during training. Shollies can be very stubborn if they are punished or scolded. On the other hand appreciation; treats, and rewards will make the training process easier and your pet will be trained quicker too.

Also See: Should You Adopt a German Shepherd Wolf Mix? Read Before Buying

Because Shollies come from highly energetic parents, they are very active and more importantly, not suited to apartment living. You need to have lots of space in your home where your pet can run around and play.

If you decide to take your German shepherd collie mix out for a walk, make sure you use a strong leash. Remember, Shollies need an active owner who can accompany them for walks and jogs. And this is why your pet would become bored if he is not physically and mentally stimulated.

German shepherd Border collie Mix Appearance

The dog has a large, strong muscular body and a lean build much like its German shepherd parent. On average, male Shollies weigh around 75 to 80 pounds and stand about 22 to 29 inches tall.

Coat and Grooming

Shollies usually have a short to medium coat that looks quite similar to its German shepherd parent. The color is mostly tan with a hint of black saddle. Other commonly seen coat colors include black, white, brown, cream and yellow. In the majority of cases, Shollies lean more towards the German shepherd than the Collie.

Because the coat color is strikingly similar, most people confuse between the mix dog and the purebred German shepherd. If you talk about thickness of coat, the cross breed has a thicker coat when compared to the pure bred German shepherd parent.

Shollies are a moderate shedder and they will do some seasonal shedding too. You can brush them daily since their coat is thick to keep it soft, smooth and shiny. Give your pet a bath when he needs it, but never go overboard as they have fairly sensitive skin. Also, brush his teeth once a day and clip his nails when they get too long. Examine your pet’s skin and look for signs of redness, rashes and infections. You need to check the ears and clean them once a week, but make sure you don’t insert anything inside it.


Shollies can be trained and socialized as early as possible to improve how they get along with kids, and other pets. They can be a little aggressive (because of their energetic nature) and this is why they should never be left unsupervised with young children. If Shollies are not trained, they will try to chase smaller pets and even people.

This mix breed dog doesn’t bark excessively, however he will let you know of a potential threat or an intruder by barking.

Feeding and Nutrition

German shepherd collie mix, aka Shollies are large dogs and like to remain active. So if you plan on bringing them home, plan on feeding them high-quality dry dog food at least twice every day. Though the pet does well in all climates, they prefer to stay in places with cold conditions.

Health Conditions

Unlike purebreds, mix breeds have fewer health issues but some medical conditions can be passed on from the parents to the offspring.

German shepherds are notorious for hip dysplasia and ear problems during their lifetimes and these conditions can be seen in German Shepherd Border Collie Mix dogs. If ear infections are left unattended, they could lead to complete loss of hearing. What’s worse is that in some cases, the mix breed dog can be born deaf. Another common health conditions shepherd collie mix is known to suffer from more commonly than other mix breeds is epilepsy.

Keeping your pet restricted to small area or tied to something that limits their movements is not a good idea. An ideal home for German Shepherd Border Collie Mix dogs would be a place with a large fenced backyard where your pet can get all the daily physical activity and exercise it needs.

Shollies in Summary:

The bottom line is that Shollies are excellent family dogs and you should have no problems if your pet is properly trained and socialized. In fact, they can be one of the friendliest and playful dogs you’ve ever seen.

German shepherd Border collie Mix Dogs – Highlights at a Glance

  • Average height: 22 to 29 inches
  • Average weight: 75 to 80 pounds
  • Coat type: Short to medium length,
  • Coat appearance: silky and smooth
  • Coat colors: Tan with little bit black saddle, black, brown, white, cream or yellow
  • Grooming Needs: Moderate to high
  • Shedding: Seasonal, plus moderate
  • Brushing requirements: Daily
  • Very sensitive to touch: Yes
  • Excessive barking: Rare
  • Good tolerance to heat and cold: Yes
  • Good pet: Yes with socialization and training
  • Safe for children: Moderate, need socialization and training
  • Good with other Dogs: Moderate , socialization is needed
  • Good with other Pets? Moderate, may try to chase smaller pets like cats, dogs, hamsters and rabbits
  • Suitable for apartment? No, Shollies require a lot of room
  • Suitable for first time dog owners? Not really – the owner needs experience in handling energetic, sensitive pets
  • Training: fairly easy, quick learner
  • Exercise Needs: Fairly high
  • Tendency to gain weight: Moderate
  • Major Health Concerns: hip dysplasia, eye problems, epilepsy, bloat, Degenerative Myelopathy and Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency.
  • Allergies: There’s a possibility
  • Average Life Span: 13 to 15 years

Should You Adopt a German Shepherd Wolf Mix? Read Before Buying


German Shepherd Wolf Mixes are popular wolf dogs. As the name indicates, a wolf dog is a hybrid resulting from the cross breeding of a domestic dog and a wolf. These breeds cannot be considered purebreds and are usually referred to as mutts. While wolf dogs can be trained to become beautiful, affectionate and loving companions, they are not the perfect choice of pet for average dog owners.

Keep in mind that such breeds are illegal to own in several areas, hence if you were to lose your dog and he ended up at a local shelter, chances are you might not get your furry friend back. Here’s everything you need to know about the breed if you are considering adoption:

German Shepherd Wolf Mix


Wolf dogs have sensitive dispositions and remarkable hearing abilities. The German Shepherd Wolf Mix is usually tall and has a dense coat. The coat of the wolf hybrid can be found in a variety of colors, ranging from grizzled sable to white or black phased. The average wolf dog weighs from 60 to 120 pounds, depending on age, diet and genetics. This breed has beautiful sharp eyes that do not miss anything.

Breeding History

The German shepherd is a relatively new breed and only came to existence in 1899. A captain in Germany, named Captain Max von Stephanitz, can be credited for creating this dog breed. Stephanitz wished for a dog that would be unmatched as a herding dog and thus began experimenting with dog breeding.

Later one day in 1899, a wolf-like dog caught his attention and he immediately purchased the dog and worked out to learn more about the dog’s descendants. Later, the dog and his progeny were used to create the German shepherd breed. Years after, the German shepherd was later crossbred with wolves to create the German Shepherd Wolf mix.


As with any breed, the temperament and disposition will vary according to the ancestry.  When adopting a German Shepherd Wolf Mix, it is imperative you learn more about the breeds that were used in the cross. Overall, the German Shepherd Wolf Mix can grow up to be friendly breeds that adapt well to playtime. With time, the dog is likely to become attached to the owner and with other pets residing in the same house. However, because of their strong prey drive, it is best you keep your dog away from small pets, such as rabbits, hamsters and cats.

Wolf hybrids can be quite jumpy and generally do not respond well to inanimate objects, loud noises, new people and fast motion. Though the breed is quite intelligent, training can be a difficult task and requires patience and persistence. Up until the dog is a puppy, he will not display any wolf-like characteristics but as the dog grows older, you might notice a change in behavior. As the dog approaches their post-adolescent stage, their hormonal system begins to experience changes with the onset of maturity, resulting in the display of more typical wolf breed behavior and temperament.

These large energetic dogs tend to get destructive. Leaving your dog unsupervised for several hours may cause him to get into mischief. In some cases, your dog may exhibit consistent wolf like characteristics. Unfortunately, there is not much you can do as the dog will remain destructive, aloof and fearful, no matter how much time you spend on training. Another major concern regarding wolf dogs is whether they can be trusted or not.

Living Conditions

Due to their wolf-life tendencies, the German Shepherd Wolf Mix is not a great choice for families that have small children and pets, such as hamsters, rabbits and cats. Caring for a wolf dog can get expensive as you will need to ensure your backyard has a fence. A bored animal is likely to get destructive, hence the fences should be secure enough to prevent the dog from running away. Large dog breeds can easily clear a 6-foot fence without much effort so be prepared to spend time and money on building a proper containment while modifying the fence.

A large fenced enclosure (non-electric) is the ideal place for you to set your pet free to roam around and play. The enclosure must contain a double gate and must have enough vegetation to provide the animal with shade. However, there must be no trees and bushes as the dog can easily climb up and escape in no time. Wolf dogs are social animals and tend to get bored easily, hence consider adopting another canine companion to give your pet some company. It is recommended to put both the dogs on opposite sides of the fence until they become accustomed to each other.


Do not feed your wolf dog traditional store-bought dog food that is rich in carbohydrates and artificial preservatives. Instead, they require a diet that is rich in protein. Wolf dogs are particularly fond of bisons and elks but since ingredients are difficult to find, you might as well make do with raw chicken, turkey and beef. You may feed your dog uncooked bones. Raw and whole bones are an excellent source of calcium and other vitamins and minerals that will keep your dog healthy. Keep in mind that your dog must have access to vegetation and fresh grass to aid digestion.

With Children

Many pet owners are afraid of adopting a wolf dog due to the number of child deaths caused by the breed. Under no circumstances should you leave your child unsupervised with a German Shepherd Wolf Mix. Younger children do not usually understand what it means to be gentle and may inflict pain on the animal without meaning to do so. This might cause the dog to revert back to his wolf-like tendencies to protect himself.


As mentioned above, the German Shepherd Wolf Mix is an energetic dog breed which is why they require 1 to 2 hours of exercise every day to stay mentally and physically fit. Depending on the age and genetics of your dog, devote an hour or two for long walks. It is also recommended that you allow your pet to roam around in fenced backyard where they are free to explore and play.


Training a wolf dog takes consistency and patience. Take your dog out to outdoor areas where they can roam around while training. Before you begin the training process, it is imperative you become familiar with your dog’s psychology and have a good idea of what your dog generally likes and dislikes. Wolf breeds are not for the weak-minded as dog owners must have considerable knowledge in establishing the Alpha Position and maintaining it.

This is why this breed is not recommended for average pet owners. Although, the German Shepherd Wolf Mix can be successfully trained, it is important to consider that their wolf instincts might kick in at any time. Keep the training sessions short and if your dog appears tired, it is best you call it a day. Keep in mind that if at any given time the dog decides not to comply by your rules, he may attempt to reassert dominance. This is why the pet owner must be well versed in dog psychology so that the dog knows that you are the boss.

Also See: A Beginner’s Guide to Husky Golden Retriever Mix (with PICTURES)


German Sheperds and wolves both are heavy shedders by nature. The German Sheppard Wolf Mix has a thick coat to keep them warm during the winters. The coat is likely to shed during the spring. Invest in a rake style brush to groom your pet a couple of times a week. Pay special care to the area closer to the eye or on the hair behind the ear as these areas are likely to become tangled.

Health Problems

In general, wolf dogs are exceptionally healthy animals and are not prone to common genetic health problem, like most dog breeds. However, without proper care, your German Shepherd Wolf Mix can be susceptible to common canine ailments, such as ticks, fleas and heartworms, including common canine diseases, such as rabies, parvovirus, etc. Ensure that your dog has been vaccinated against such ailments and be sure to take the dog to the local clinics before the adoption.


Caring for a German Shepherd Wolf Mix is certainly not an easy task but these lovable companions are certainly worth the trouble. Before adopting a new pet, think carefully about the commitment you are about to make. While these dogs are a lot of fun, they have special exercise needs and must be kept in a safe, fenced enclosure to prevent them from escaping and causing damage to others.

Do not adopt the breed if you have young children or have a busy job that requires you to stay away from home for extended time periods. Training the dog might not be an easy task, hence be consistent and patient. The German Shepherd Wolf Mix is only a good choice as a pet if you are up for the challenge.

A Beginner’s Guide to Husky Golden Retriever Mix (with PICTURES)


The Siberian Husky and Golden Retriever are both widely known breeds that are popular for their intelligence and hunting skills. When the two breeds are cross-bred, we have a puppy that is bound to inherit his parent’s sighting and weight pulling skills. Commonly known as Goberian, the Husky Golden Retriever Mix is excellent with children and makes an incredibly friendly pet dog. The Goberian is an active and energetic dog breed that is thirsty to learn and explore the world.

The Alaskan Malamute: Things To Know (2019)


Often confused with the Siberian husky, the Alaskan malamute is a large breed of domestic dog and also one of the oldest Arctic sled canines. They are heavy boned, with a deep chest, and powerful shoulders, which make them ideal for working in rough, cold environments. On top of that, they are quite friendly and affectionate and make great companions.

The Alaskan malamute possesses great endurance and strength. Even though they are not built to race, they are still able to carry heavy loads over long distances, demonstrating a highly athletic ability and are capable of enjoying weight-pulling, jogging, swimming, sledding, and backpacking with their owners.Alaskan Malamute

History of the Alaskan Malamute

The ancestry of the Alaskan malamute goes back to Siberia, from where they migrated to Alaska with the natives several thousand of years ago. The tribe of Mahlemut settled in the northern Seward Peninsula along with the Malamutes. The people were in need of dogs that were strong and enduring for the purpose of pulling heavily loaded sleds and also hunting seals and polar bear.

The natives valued these dogs highly. In the 19th century, Alaska experienced an influx of people and dogs, where many original dogs became mixed and the native purebreds were lost. However, the Malamute was not one of them since they were pretty aloof in the north and thus were able to survive.

A kennel was founded by Walden in New Hampshire, which started to offer dogs to the Byrd Antarctic expeditions in the 1930s. In 1935, the Alaskan Malamute Club of America was established and the breed was also recognized by the AKC.


The Alaskan malamute is a big dog weighing anywhere from 75 to 100 pounds and standing 23 to 25 inches tall. He has a double coat, with an undercoat that is soft and measures up to 2” deep, and an outer coat that is thick, rough, coarse, and 1” long. The length of the coat is a little longer near the back, rump, shoulders, and neck. Common coat colors include gray, black, sable, and white.

His tail is thick and has a plume, which helps him cover his face and keep it warm during extreme cold. His eyes are almond shaped and brown, and the ears are small and erect. He also has a compact yet powerful body, which is strong and well-built.


Malamutes are very friendly and social dogs that love to hang outdoors. They are highly approachable, which makes them good with strangers. Since they make friends easily, Mals do not make good watchdogs. Being a pack dog, they need to spend quite a lot of time with their family and be part of different activities. Even though they are very loyal and playful, Alaskan Malamutes do tend to have a rather independent side that can spark aggression at times.

To prevent the dog from getting aggressive, he needs to be stimulated on daily basis, both physically and mentally. For all these reasons, Mals don’t do well with owners who lack experience, since they heavily rely on training and socialization to remain on their best behavior. While he is not a consistent barker, he likes to bark often and also howls once in a while. This dog breed is also a very intelligent, a quality people generally aren’t aware of.

With the right amount of care and training, Alaskan Malamutes can be calm and mellow. However, they also tend to get very unmanageable, destructive, and aggressive if their needs are not properly met. Male Mals can be pretty dominant and therefore need an owner who is firm and authoritative, not a novice dog owner who isn’t confident with the breed. When they are bored, they are known to destroy sofas, chew on walls and dig deep holes in the yard.


Fortunately, Alaskan Malamutes are not that hard to train, provided that they are handled by people who know what they are doing. In absence of proper leadership by the owner, this dog will become independent, dominant, and even aggressive, so make sure you let him know who the boss is.

Since he is a pack dog, the Alaskan malamute needs to be reminded where he stands in the hierarchy. This means if there are more members living in the house, they too will need to get involved and assert their dominance on the dog before things get out of hand. It is important to keep training sessions entertaining and engaging, and not repetitive. You will have to deal with a stubborn attitude at first so be prepared for that.

A good idea is to use daily activities as part of your training approach. Teach him how to be patient, how to obey commands and how to act outdoors. Early training and socialization is key to dealing smoothly with this breed.

Need for exercise

The Malamute is quite an active dog with lots of endurance, strength, and stamina. He therefore requires plenty of physical activity and mental stimulation, which can only be offered by owners who are committed, who themselves enjoy being active daily and don’t have issues with going out for long walks more than once in a day, and partaking often in other demanding activities such as hiking, jogging, and backpacking. If the Mal is not given his daily dose of exercise, he will become aggressive and bored.

Since he loves to dig, Alaskan Malamutes are not best suited for apartments and small houses without a yard. Furthermore, they love to jump high and can easily dig their way out, which is why they need to play in a yard that is properly fenced.


If you have decided to bring a Mal home, you better be prepared for tons of shedding and lots of blow outs. You should also make time for lots of vacuuming, daily brushing, and frequent hair trimming. Regular brushing will help get rid of any debris present in the fur, get rid of loose hair and promote healthy blood circulation. You will also need to bathe the dog in order to preserve all his healthy oils on the skin.

Fortunately, this breed is a very clean one, odorless and similar to cats when it comes to self-cleanliness. You will need to brush their teeth a minimum of 2 to 3 times in a week, clip their nails when they get long enough, and also check their ears to detect any signs of infection. When trimming their nails, be very cautious and avoid going deep.

Feeding Time

An Alaskan malamute will need a minimum of three to five cups of high-quality dry canine food divided into at least 2 meals every day. His exact feeding needs will depend on his age, size, activity and metabolism levels. Even though they are big dogs, Mals actually need less food than people think. However, if they are given something to munch on, they will happily gobble it down, can easily overeat and pack on extra pounds.Alaskan Malamute puppy

Mals with Children and other animals

Alaskan malamutes are actually pretty good with children since they are friendly and approachable, but they definitely need to be socialized first. With other animals however, they can be a little aggressive due to their high prey drive, unless they are raised with them. With training and sufficient socialization, Mals can learn to behave nicely with other dogs, but will have some dominance issues from time to time, especially with the same sex. When this dog becomes aggressive, the fights can get very gruesome, so try to detect early signs of hostility and steer your dog away before he creates a really bad mess.

Also See: Pitbull Husky Mix: A Look at the Devoted and Even-Tempered Pitsky

Health Concerns

The Alaskan Malamutes can live up to 15 years. This breed is very tolerant to colder environments and enjoys spending time both outdoors and indoors. Warmer climates are a no-no, and if you are planning to bring him in a warm or hot climate, be sure to give him plenty of cold water and other opportunities to cool down before he gets overheated.

The Mal is generally a very healthy dog but can become prone to concerns like joint dysplasia, eye problems, day blindness, hypothyroidism, chondrodysplasia, Von Willebrand’s, cancer, and inherited polyneuropathy.

A qualified vet can help you identify some of these issues by conducting thyroid and eye exams on the breed, along with tests for osteochondrodysplasia.

Also See: Black Mouth Cur: Everything You Need to Know (2018)

Price Tag

A Mal from a reputable breeder with high-quality standards will cost you anywhere from $1200 to $2000. If you are going for something of show standards or American Kennel Club standards for topnotch breeders, then you should be prepared to pay around $3000 to up to $5000.

A lot of people easily get swayed by the Alaskan malamute’s striking wolfish looks, but they later realize that the breed calls for a lot of work, which is why they either leave them at a shelter or abandon them completely. If you are willing to bring home a sheltered dog, more likely a grown dog than a puppy, then you can easily get him for a much cheaper rate, costing you somewhere around $200 to $300. Another option is backyard breeders, where you will be able to find some competitive price tags, but has no assurance on health and background.

When you get your puppy, make sure to have him thoroughly examined by a reputable vet, have him vaccinated, dewormed, micro chipped and neutered or spayed. Also invest in good quality bowls, crates, bedding, collar and leash. All this will total up to $500, so make sure you have that kind of money on hand.  Other yearly costs will cover basic medical needs, food, pet insurance, and vaccination, and all this can cost you around $1000.

The Alaskan Malamute – Highlights At a Glance

Indeed, the Alaskan malamute is one of the most beautiful, strong and adventurous dog breeds. If you are planning to bring home a Mal, it is important you keep the following features in mind before adoption.

  • Nicknames: Mal, Maly, Mally
  • Average Height: 23-25 inches
  • Average Weight: 75 to 100 pounds
  • Major Health Concerns: Generally quite healthy, but can be prone to some health issues such as eye problems, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and inherited polyneuropathy.
  • Coat Type: Rough, harsh exterior coat, and soft interior coat
  • Coat Appearance: Double coated
  • Coat Colors: black, gray, sable, white, red
  • Grooming Needs: Moderate to high
  • Safe for Children: With proper training and socialization, yes
  • Shedding:  Very high, especially during shedding seasons. Also, he will have large blow outs.
  • Brushing Requirements: Everyday
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes, moderately good if trained properly
  • Sensitive to Touch: low to Moderate
  • Excessive Barking: quite frequent. This breed is very vocal and loves to howl occasionally.
  • Good Pet: Very good to excellent, provided that he is trained and socialized
  • Suitable for Apartment? No, requires a big space and a yard
  • Suitable for First Time Dog Owners? No, needs experienced owners
  • Training: Fast learners but might require a firm and persistent approach
  • Exercise Needs: very high- they require a lot of physical and mental stimulation.
  • Good with Other Dogs?  Good to fairly good, if trained and socialized.
  • Good with other Pets – good with socialization – can have a high drive for chasing preys
  • The tendency to Gain Weight: Moderate. However, owners will need to keep an eye out for what he eats and how much food he consumes.
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
  • Hypo-allergic: No
  • Good Tolerance to Heat and Cold: Excellent tolerance to cold, but moderate tolerance to heat due to their thick coats which make living in warmer climates difficult.
  • Tolerant To Isolation: Low – can easily get separation anxiety
  • Intelligence – quite intelligent
  • Drooling – Fairly low.
  • Friendliness – Very friendly and social dogs
  • A Wanderer or Roamer? Moderate
  • Average Yearly Medical Expenditure: $500 for pet insurance and other basics
  • Average Yearly Non-Medical Expenditure: $1000 as a starting figure
  • Average Price Of A New Puppy: $1200



Black Mouth Cur: Everything You Need to Know (2019)


There is a reason why dogs are called man’s best friend. Unlike other pets including cats that simply do not care about you unless you offer them food or fish that are only active when you drop pallets in the aquarium every day; dogs serve as a best friend, guard, companion and even co-pilot. As much as we love our dogs, our dogs love us. Not only do they follow us everywhere in the house, but also like to make their way into our blankets while we sleep. Moreover, dogs sit with us on the couch and watch movies with us. Moreover, they love to ride shotgun with us. Their extremely friendly and loving nature is what makes us choose them over any other pet.

There are hundreds of breeds of dogs that you can choose from. While most of them make suitable pets, there are some that can only be kept as guard dogs and in such a case, having a license is mandatory. With so many breeds, it is quite possible that you may not have heard about a variety of other breeds. However, there is a pretty unique breed that you might have never heard of or seen before. This amazing dog is known for his built as well as a long tail – which is one of his most distinguishable characteristics.

The breed is undeniably burly, rough and muscular. It comes in a variety of coat shades including fawn, yellow, red and buckskin. Most people consider such dogs to be a mix bred, which is simply not the case. The Black Mouth is, in fact, a purebred. It not only fits in quite well with a loving and active family, but is also an amazing work dog. BM Curs also come in light and heavy coats. While the ears are medium sized, the tail is usually quite long. Moreover, these strong and bulky dogs have a deep, muscular chest. Read on to know everything about the species.

Black Mouth Cur
Black Mouth Cur


While most researchers and experts agree on the breed being related to a range of ancient Asian and European cur dogs, the exact origins still remain a mystery. However, one thing that we know for sure is that this breed was developed somewhere in southern US. And because it was originally bred for working on farms, it developed a strong and highly active body. This purebred is said to have been developed from a number of different cur breeds. This includes breeds such as the Ladner Yellow, which is from Mississippi, the breed from Texas and one from Alabama, which is also referred to as the Southern Black Mouth Cur.


The dog is said to be related to several Asian and European cur dogs that were bred for hunting and herding. The BM Cur shares a number of characteristics with the Catahoula Cur.


Since this breed was originally bred for working on farms, it requires a significant amount of energy. Therefore, these dogs need to be fed ‘large-breed’ dog food. Depending on the purpose of keeping such dogs, you need to fulfill and provide it with the right amount of energy. Their diet is usually far greater than that of smaller breeds.

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The males are usually larger and heavier than the females. While the males have a weight range of 45 to 95 lbs, the females have a weight range of 34 to 85 lbs. This immense variation is not found in most breeds and is primarily because of the genetics in the breed. They have several cur genetics, which may have caused this natural phenomenon. The weight also depends on the purpose the dog is kept for and his diet plan.


The Black Mouth Cur is an extremely intelligent and smart breed, and has the ability to figure out how to please its owner. While this is a benefit and one of the reasons to love this dog, it makes it a bit hard to train them. Therefore it is recommended to start their training from a very early stage in order to ensure hundred percent obedience and loyalty. These dogs are amongst a few breeds that need to have some kind of job or activity for most of the day. They are perfect for hunting, coursing, herding, farm-work, agility and even search rescue teams.

They are incredibly smart dogs and have the ability to learn commands quickly. However, consistency is very important in training such dogs. Also, it is recommended that the training sessions should be kept short and varied as the dog can easily get bored.


The breed was originally meant for hunting and herding as these dogs are intelligent, tenacious and fearless. They are one of the best breeds you can go for if you love hunting as they aim and kill and never retreat. Their territorial behavior and hunting instincts make them smart as well as remarkably brave. These avid hunters start training themselves for hunting at the age of six months. The dogs are rarely seen walking briskly. They either walk at a normal pace or run at great speeds. This supports the fact that they walk confidently – displaying their pride.

While being great hunters, these dogs are great herders too. They work really well with cattle and various other farm animals. With a proper diet plan, these dogs can work for several hours nonstop. Apart from this, the Curs make great family pets, but require a great deal of training from a very young age. They are extremely loyal, protective and playful. If properly trained, these dogs will pay as much respect to their owner as to the leader of their pack. They however, demand attention and time from their owners. Therefore it is essential to take your Black Mouth for daily walks. Moreover, take some time out to play with them on a regular basis.

The dogs also get along really well with children. However, since they are hunters, they do not know how to be soft and gentle with children, which is why parental supervision is strongly advised. As they might accidently and completely unintentionally harm small children, it is recommended that they are not left alone with children. In addition, their hunting instincts make them a bit of a danger towards other non-canine pets. In order to make them friendly towards other pets, they must be well trained.

Life Expectancy

While most large breed dogs have an average life expectancy of 11 to 13 years, these dogs can live up to 16 years and have an average life expectancy of 12 to 16 years. The more pure the breed is, the longer you can expect it to live and offer you amazing years of unmatched companionship. A longer life can also be expected if you have kept the dog active and working and have provided it with the right vaccinations and diet.


The coat of the Black Mouth Cur comes in a range of colors including yellow, red, white, fawn, etc. The smooth coat is easy to maintain and is not a major problem for people with asthma or other breathing problems. You can simply brush the coat every once in a while to make it smoother and to remove dead and loose hairs.

Exercise Requirements

This large breed dog is bred for various purposes. Hence, it is compulsory for the dog to be extremely active. It needs to be walked everyday and requires significant outdoor space where it can run and play. Your dog has to be kept both active and engaged in any kind of activity or else there is chance that the he might develop behavioral or development issues.


Black Mouth Cur puppies are immensely cute and fun to play with and are usually born with an average litter size of between 3 and 9. The puppies must be trained and socialized as early training makes it easier for both the dog and the owner to build a great companionship. It will also help you make your dog friendly and loving towards your children and other pets.

Health Issues

Black Mouth Cur dogs are usually very healthy and are considered to be quite resistant to various health issues due to their massive diet and active routine. But there are a few health problems that most Black Mouth Cur dogs can face. These problems include eye infections, mange, skeletal issues, ear infection and epilepsy.

So, if you a dog lover and are looking for an active and playful breed to keep as a pet or for any other purposes, you might want to consider Black Mouth Cur. They will surely add joy and a pinch of fatigue in your life. Their companionship is one of the best any one can ever get from a dog. Black Mouth Curs are highly active and intelligent. Moreover, they can also become loyal and fierce guard dogs. Therefore, your Cur will not only act as your best friend, but also a fearless bodyguard that no one would be willing to mess with.

American Pitbull Terrier: An Easy Going And Powerful Dog


The American Pitbull Terrier is a family and companion dog breed that was originally bred in England, Scotland and Ireland to “bait” rats, bulls and bears, and also participate in illegal dog fighting. The breed then grew into all-around farm dogs and was later moved into houses to play the role of “nanny dogs” since they were so gentle around children. The American Pit Bull Terriers are medium-sized, but also strong, agile, sturdy and powerful dogs that come from the Molosser family. They are shorthaired and are heavily built with well-defined and muscular bodies that make them an ideal option for those who wish to use for toilsome work.

Besides making great fighters and hunters, American Pitbull Terriers also proved to be outstanding working dogs based on their inborn intelligence, which is why these dogs are able to accomplish a variety of tasks.American Pitbull Terrier


Bull and terrier breeds were bred in the early 19th century in England for bear and bull-baiting, a famous spectator sport at the time. When the sport was labeled as inhumane and became illegal in 1835, dogfighting replaced it – the breed was then taught to be overly aggressive and violent.

An interesting feature about this breed is its inability to bite and harm humans. Handlers in the dogfighting rings wanted to approach these dogs and separate them without getting hurt, which is why the breed was soon seen as the strong and aggressive yet gentle and family-friendly.

When “bull dogs” traveled with the immigrants to America they started new careers as all-around farm dogs, which involved hunting wild game, protecting properties from intruders, and offering companionship. The breed was then bred to be bigger than its original size.

In 1898, Britain’s UKC named these bull dogs as the American Pit Bull Terrier. It wasn’t until the early 1930s that the AKC decided to recognize the breed – but under a different name: the American Staffordshire Terrier.


The APBT is a medium-sized dog with a smooth, short-haired, glossy and partially stiff coat. His body is well-defined and muscular, and he has a head that looks like a brick. The neck is also muscular, wide and thick. The chest is deep and the eyes are almost almond-like, and the ears are small to medium.


Contrary to popular belief, the American Pit bull terrier dog is a good-natured, easy going, an affectionate, loyal and friendly companion who is full of strength, love, and adventure. Not only are they passionate about pleasing their owners and family members, but are also extremely curious dogs. These hard working dogs have a puppyish character even when they have fully matured, and this quality makes them a treat to be around. Once you have met and really gotten to know an APBT, you will never want to live without them.

The breed is also quite friendly and loving around children. However, they should never be left alone with kids who are not well-known to them. Lack of proper training and socialization is always a problem that can spark various behavioral issues. If he is behaviorally disturbed, a Pit will tend to be very aggressive even towards humans and may accidentally even bite you. Since they have a strong drive to chase preys, small pets, domestic animals and other dogs – they can become aggressive and unwieldy.  Nevertheless, this dog breed is very loyal and dedicated to his family and will protect them till death.

In order to train an APBT properly, you will need to be authoritative, sharp, commanding and consistent. It is recommended that you not adopt a Pit if you are a novice dog owner since these dogs require a stern owner who can deal with their bouts of aggression.  You will also need to socialize with them and introduce the dog to your friends, family members, and others pets in order to minimize any chances of chaos. Since the American Pit Bull Terrier has an innate ability to jump really high and can effectively climb fences, you will need to make sure that your fences are the appropriate height that will prevent your dog from escaping.

Behavior Towards Children And Other Pets

APBTs are very affectionate and can live in peace with children, pets, and other dogs if they are socialized and trained enough. In absence of proper introduction and socialization, everybody will be at risk. Keep in mind this breed was designed to be aggressive, and can, therefore, come off as dangerous if not properly trained and supervised. Even if you have fully trained and socialized your dog, it is still recommended that you never leave him unsupervised with small children, unfamiliar dogs, pets, and humans.

Also See:

Grooming And General Care

The smooth, shorthaired and glossy coat of an American Pitbull Terrier is easier to groom and take care of. The breed sheds very little hair and can live without regular brushing and combing. However, their ears should be checked regularly for any signs of infection. Furthermore, they will need to be bathed and shampooed when needed, and their teeth will need to be brushed from time to time.

You should also trim his nails once or twice every month in order to avoid painful tears and other similar problems. If you can hear the nails clicking on the floor, it is a sign that they have grown too long. Remember not trim their nails to deep otherwise you will clip their blood vessels, which is quite painful. If you don’t have experience cutting dog nails or are unsure about what to do, it is best to contact your vet or a professional groomer for some tips.


Owing to their athleticism and diverse breeding background, APBTs tend to be rather hardy, living up to an average of 12 to 14 years, and even longer. However, there are some genetic conditions that owners should look out for. These include bone diseases like degenerative myelopathy, hip dysplasia, and kneecap dislocation; skin problems like allergies and mange; congenital heart issues and thyroid.

Exercise Needs

The APBT needs plenty of exercise on a regular basis. These dogs can very live without a big space or yard, but will be very active indoors. Because he is an agile and athletic dog; a Pit needs a daily dose of exercise to maintain his lean, muscular and well-built body. A daily jog, as well as running, walking, and free paying can offer additional benefits to the health and fitness of these dogs.

The American Pitbull terrier – Highlights at a glance

Indeed, the American Pitbull terrier is one of the most special dogs out there. He is aggressive yet affectionate, clownish, intelligent, obedient, strong and adventurous. If you are planning to bring home a Pit, it is important you keep the following features in mind before adoption.

  • Nicknames: Pit, APBT, pit Bull, Pit terrier, Half and Half, Bull Baiter Dogs, Yankee Terrier, Staffordshire Fighting Dog, Rebel Terrier, Old Family Dog
  • Average Height: 14-24 inches
  • Average Weight: Male adult: 16 – 30 kg, female adult: 14 – 27 kg
  • Major Health Concerns: Generally quite healthy, but can be prone to some health issues such as hip dysplasia, grass allergies, hereditary cataracts and congenital heart disease
  • Coat Type: smooth, short-haired, stiff and glossy
  • Coat Appearance: single coated
  • Coat Colors: merle, brindle, black, white, blue, tan, fawn, red, gray, brown, yellow
  • Grooming Needs: very low to low
  • Safe for Children: excellent, but proper training and socialization is still necessary
  • Shedding:  low to moderate
  • Brushing Requirements: very infrequent
  • Good with Other Dogs: No. they can be very aggressive towards other dogs, but training and socialization can help a great deal
  • Sensitive to Touch: Moderate to high
  • Excessive Barking: quite frequent.
  • Good Pet: Very good to excellent, provided that he is trained kept active
  • Suitable for Apartment? Yes, provided that he is exercised on a regular basis
  • Suitable for First Time Dog Owners? No, needs experienced owners
  • Training: Fast learners but might require a firm and persistent approach
  • Exercise Needs: very high – they require a lot of physical and mental stimulation.
  • Good with other Pets – not really, can have a high drive for chasing preys
  • The tendency to Gain Weight: Moderate. However, owners will need to keep an eye out for what he eats and how much food he consumes.
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 16 years
  • Hypo-allergic: No
  • Good Tolerance to Heat and Cold: Quite good when it comes to tolerating heat, but moderate tolerance to cold weather due to their thin, short-haired coats that don’t provide much warmth
  • Tolerant To Isolation: Low – can easily get separation anxiety and become aggressive
  • Intelligence – quite intelligent
  • Drooling – Fairly low.
  • Friendliness – Very friendly and affectionate around family and children, but can be very aggressive towards other dogs and pets.
  • A Wanderer or Roamer? Moderate
  • Average Yearly Medical Expenditure: $500 to $600 for pet insurance and other basics
  • Average Yearly Non-Medical Expenditure: $510 to $600
  • Average Price Of A New Puppy: $700
  • Litter size: 5 to 8 puppies

Himalayan Dog Chews Natural Dog Treats – Because Your Dog Deserves the Best!


As a dog owner, you sure know by now that they love to chew. Both puppies and adult dogs, even senior dogs chew. Although the degree of chewing differs from one dog to another, most people will catch their dogs gnawing on something every so often. Dog chewing can become serious and very problematic if not addressed at its first stages. Of course, you cannot fight your canine’s nature and eradicate the habit completely from its roots, but you sure can supply them with appropriate and safe items to chew on, which in turn will not only benefit your little friend’s health but will also ensure the safety of your household items and favorite possessions.

Benefits of Dog Chews

Dog chews, both in the form of toys and dog treats, are a great way to channel your pooch’s natural instinct to chew. Here are some reasons why dog chews are so beneficial.

  • Natural Habit: as mentioned before, chewing is a canine’s natural instinct and so should not be discouraged or punished. Instead, it should be channeled in the right way to eliminate room for aggressive chewing or other forms of erratic behavior. Dog chews are a great way to do that because they are fun (chew toys) and healthy (chew treats).
  • Mental Stimulation: dogs need mental exercise as much as they need physical. Chewing is a surprisingly great way to keep your canine’s mind active because the act of chewing itself calls for a lot of brainpower and concentration. So, instead of having your work hard on ripping off your expensive shoes or table legs, it is better to let him utilize his energy on a chewy treat or toy. Offering the right chewing outlets will benefit everyone, but most importantly your puppy.
  • Oral Health: chewing stimulates saliva production, which in turn boosts their dental health. It also strengthens jaw muscles, removes tartar and plaque and minimizes the discomfort and pain of a teething puppy. Moreover, it smoothes the teeth and keeps periodontal disease at bay. Tooth and gum disease are becoming very common in dogs today, so ensuring their health is important.

Some dogs chews are formulated with teeth-whitening agents that help get rid of deposited films of plaque that may lead to discolored and yellow teeth.

Dental dog chews come in a number of shapes of textures and sizes, but the one thing that is common in most of them is their hard surface, which helps prevent plaque buildup.

himalayan dog chews

Himalayan Dog Chew

The Himalayan Dog Chews All Natural Chews originated from a very old recipe of a hard cheese snack enjoyed by the people of the Himalayas. This cheese snack was made using traditional cow and /or yak milk, and other all-natural ingredients with zero binding agents and preservatives.

These dog chews are gluten-free and of course, manufactured from 100% natural products and no additives. Depending on the eating habits and size of your dog, the Himalayan dog chews can be a very tasty and long-lasting option. Your mutt must be ready to chew on the treat for hours, before small parts of the treats will begin to be slowly chewed off. When you offer this treat to your dog, you can be rest assured that you are providing them with all natural, top quality eating entertainment.

Another great feature of the Himalayan Dog Chews is that they can be used after your dog has enjoyed the chew. Take the last piece away and put it in the microwave for about 45 to 50 seconds. Then cool down for about 2 minutes. After the cheese has puffed and then cooled down, give it back to your dog.

Ingredients Used:

  • Yak Milk
  • Cow milk
  • Lime Juice
  • Salt

Nutritional Facts

  • Crude Protein 52.8%
  • Crude fat 0.9%
  • Moisture Max 10.2%
  • Ash Max 6%

Himalayan Dog Chew Products

  • HDC Blue- this dog chew is recommended for dogs under 15 lbs.
  • HDC Green- recommended for dogs weighing under 35 lbs
  • HDC Red- recommended for dogs under 55 lbs
  • HDC Yellow- recommended for dogs weighing under 65 lbs
  • HDC Gray- recommended for dogs weighing under 70 lbs
  • HDC Big Dog- best for dogs weighing 70 lbs
  • HDC Seasoning- a grainy powder made from the grainy powder of Himalayan Dog Chew, which you can sprinkle on any cat or dog foods.

Going up in size is not a problem and completely fine. However, it is not suggested that you give your dog a smaller size than the recommended weight classification as it result in potential blockage issues or choking hazards. If your canine has a large jaw and mouth (like Pit Bull) or is an aggressive chewer then it is suggested to size up.

If you fear that your dog will swallow the whole product or a large chunk at a time, then it should be taken away or can be reintroduced sometime later if suitable. In reality, the company recommends that you supervise your dogs at all times after giving her any treat or toy not just dog chews.

Some dogs, regardless of their breed, will fail to tolerate the Himalayans Dog Chews, in some instances; their stomachs may be quite sensitive to lactose even though there is insufficient amount remaining, just like humans. Finally, dog owners are aware of their canines’ limitations with various types of food.

Other potential problems that could arise include but are not restricted to indigestion, choking, breakage and blockage of teeth.

FAQs about Himalayan Dog Chews

What Happens If Your Dog Swallows A Large Or Sharp Piece Of A Dog Chew?

The majority of dogs digest pieces of HDC when they swallow them. If the swallowed piece is too big, it can result in throwing up of the contents or result in a possible blockage as the piece will not have sufficient time in the digestive tract to be able to properly break down before it should be discharged one way or another.

Some pieces, although small, may be sharp and can therefore cause issues. Therefore, it is important that you check if your dog hasn’t chewed off pieces that have developed sharp edges. Keep a close eye on your dog for behavioral changes and conditions like lack of drinking and eating, vomiting and lack of bowel movements.

What is The Nutritional Content of HDCs?

The Himalayans Dog Chews contains a sodium content of 0.2%. It is added to improve the flavor, not for the flavor itself. The lactose and fat are removed in the process of manufacturing the dog chews, and what remains behind is a very meager amount of fat, which is equivalent to around 0.9% per chew and lactose equaling to 0.2% per chew. Calorie per HDC product is as follows:

  • Small-sized bag-around 3 inches long and ½ inches thick- (for dogs weighing less than 15 lbs) – 359 calories per package – Contains 3 to 5 pieces, 3.5 oz.
  • Medium-sized bag- around 4.5 inches long and ¾ inches thick- (for dogs weighing under 35 lbs) – 256 calories per package – Contains 1 piece of dog chews, 2.5 oz
  • Large-sized bag- around 5.5 inches long ¾ thick -(for dogs weighing under 55 lbs) – 359 calories per package – Contains 1 piece of dog chews, 3.5 oz
  • Extra Large-sized bag- around 6 inches long and 1 inch thick – (for dogs weighing under 70 lbs) – 614 calories per package – Contains 1 piece of dog chews, 6 oz
  • Big Dog- around 6.5 inches long and 1.5 inches thick – (for dogs weighing 65 lbs or more)- 837 calories per package- Contains 1 piece of dog chews, 7.5 oz
  • Mixed – sizes vary between medium to extra large(for dogs weighing under 65 lbs) – 1,179 calories per package- Contains 3 pieces of dog chews, 11.5 oz

How Much Do Himalayan Dog Chews Cost?

On Amazon, you can buy your dog this delicious treat at the following prices.

  • Small-size bag: $14.68
  • Medium-size bag: $7.45
  • Large-size 3.3 oz single bag: $5.69
  • Extra Large-sized bag: $16.28
  • 2 Pack: $43.99

Benefits of Himalayan Dog Chews

  • Himalayan Chews are all natural, healthy and long-lasting dog chews made of a very hard cheese. Dogs of all sizes and ages can enjoy these great, special dog chew treats for the longest time.
  • These chews are digestible, long lasting and made from cheese that is hard but not too hard- making it perfect as a snack. It is odorless, consists of 100% natural ingredients, non-staining and very healthy. When your dog is chewing the treat, it will smell like smoked cheese and last for a very long time so your dog can make the most of the fun snacking time.
  • The HDC are very nutritious and healthy. This is because milk is usually hard for dogs to digest but once it is made into the form of a cheese, it can be easily digested. Only around 10% of dogs experience gas or loose stool after consuming these chews and that too resolves within a short period. Moreover, the salt and fat levels are also very meager whereas the protein level is high.
  • Himalaya chews are safe- because the chews are easily digestible; you do not have to worry even if your dog gulps down large pieces of the product. However, it is suggested that you keep an eye on your dog for the first 15 minutes after been offered any products.
  • The Himalayan Dog Chew Company is involved in fair trade, which means yaks and cows feed on open grasslands, and are never given genetically modifying hormones, chemicals, antibiotics or anything of the sort. Before being packaged and distributed in the United States, the Himalayan Dog Chews are thoroughly tested in US labs for its ingredients, including bacterial presence and potential bacterial growth overtime.
  • They come in a variety of sizes so no dog breed or size can miss these delicious treats.


The majority of customers expressed their satisfaction for the product; however, some were a little unsatisfied with the fact that the chews were not as long-lasting (maximum 1 hour for most). Customers were happy with the product as it helped their puppies with the habit of aggressive chewing but they were also a little dissatisfied with the high price tag especially when the product went down in just an hour or so. For some the experience was very long lasting, but for most, it wasn’t.

“Purchased this with hopes that it would be long lasting than the bully sticks and I was left very pleased with how long it took my dog to finish these dog chews. Although these chews are costly, they end up saving me money in the long haul. I also haven’t faced problems related to the health of my dog- So far, so good!”

Why Is Himalayan Dog Chews One of the Best?

Dogs of all breeds and sizes love the Himalayan Dog Chews because they are tasty, relatively long lasting and fun! The product is like candy for dog, but only healthier. More than that, once your dog is done having its fun time with the chew, you can put back the small pieces of the chews in the microwave for an airy, puffy snack that your pup can continue to enjoy for an even a longer period. Further, the Himalayan Dog Chews are:

  • Made from unique yak and/or cow milk, salt and lime juice
  • Long lasting as compared to other chews and bully sticks
  • Have a satisfying texture and that is not only tasty but also helps maintain the health of their gums and teeth
  • Can be popped back into the for an airy, puffy snack
  • 100% natural, and free of grains, preservatives, glutens and artificial flavors
  • Reasonable price

13 Indestructible Toys for Pit Bulls – Strong Toys for Super Dogs


Pit Bull Terrier dogs are naturally strong and aggressive and hence require toys that can withstand their strength. It is usually difficult for owners to find suitable toys that are sturdy enough to hold up to the dog. Most pit bulls are quite fussy when it comes to toys; they want just the right shape, size and texture or they will not have anything to do with it.

Purchasing the right toys for your pit bull might get expensive, but they will often help prevent your belongings from being chewed up. Here we will look at some of the best indestructible and durable toys for the aggressive pit bull in your life.

Since pit bulls prefer playing with their toys rather snuggling with them, you need to look for a material that is firm and well-built. Rubber is a pretty solid material capable of resisting even the most enthusiastic pit bull. You can choose from a variety of rubber toys including a simple stick to a ball full of treats, depending on your dog’s preference.

A basic chewy rubber-made toy stuffed with peanut butter or bacon bits will be irresistible to your dog. Addition of smell and taste to a toy makes it all the more appealing. Since rubber toys usually lack texture, they can soon lose their appeal.

Rope is another excellent toy material for Pit Bulls. A thick knot, although simple, provides an endless chew toy for your dog to play around with. It is strong and has a texture that is naturally appealing to dogs since it allows getting their teeth around. Rope toys also come with an additional benefit of improving your dog’s improved dental health since the material has an abrasive effect on the teeth which helps remove plaque and tartar buildup while your pooch enjoys himself.

Furthermore, rope is absorbent and softer as compared to other materials like rubber, which facilitates taking on various scents. The blast of these smells from an older rope toy is sufficient to excite any dog during playtime. The majority of rope toys is washable and so can be reused when they start to stink.

Dog dental toys are created especially to ensure your pup’s oral health. Put bulls require a heavy-duty, tough dental chew in order to keep themselves entertained for long periods of time.  Any toy too soft or small will get destroyed almost immediately.

Picking out the right toy for pit bull is important for you and your dog. Not only do toys ensure the health and happiness of dogs, but also reduce stress levels, and are a great for the two of you to form a strong bond. A busy and happy dog is less likely to throw tantrums and be destructive and aggressive around the house.

toys for pitbull

Safety Factors to Consider Before Choosing a Toy for Your Pit Bull

  • If you have a Chew-inator dog that is able to easily rip up a toy, chances are he may ingest large pieces of the material that in turn can become an intestinal blockage or choking hazard. Since pit bulls are aggressive in nature, they are likely to divert their aggression on their toys and therefore it is important that you choose a toy that is made from a durable material like rubber or rope.
  • Avoid buying toys are too small in size. This is because small toys can easily be swallowed by your Pit Bull and result in a choking hazard.
  • Even if you choose a large enough toy, make sure it doesn’t have the potential of injuring your canine. Watch out for sharp or jagged edges especially with chew toys. Jagged edges can pierce through your dog’s gum or lip and result in an infection. So go for fluid, soft edged toys such as sticks, balls and rings with circular ends.
  • Some of the dog toys especially edible chews eventually become cracked and develop jagged edges, which can prove to be harmful for your dog as they can cut your dogs lips and gums, and get stuck in his the stomach, intestines or windpipe.

pitbull toys

13 Best Toys for Your Pit Bull

1. Zogoflex Hurley

Got a pit bull that loves to swim and chew the heck out of toys? Then you could hardly find a better toy than the Zogoflex Hurley. Not only the toy is extremely strong and durable, but also floats on the water. if your dog happens to wear off one of these, the manufacturer will replace it with a new one for free. Furthermore, the toy comes in three bright neon colors which make them easy to spot on the grass.

2. Galileo Bone

Many pit bull owners prefer this dog due to its qualities like sturdiness and durability. The toy is manufactured by Nylabone, and is enough to make you feel like you have gotten your money’s worth. The same company is also known for another popular product known as the Crazy Ball, which is also super tough and designed especially for Pit Bulls.

3. Kong Flyer

Kong is a company famous for making high quality dog toys that greatly vary in shapes, colors and sizes, and may even be packed with your doggie’s favorite treats. One of such products is the Kong flyer which acts as a better substitute to Frisbees that may not be the best for big aggressive dogs like pit bulls. This flying disk is a more long-lasting alternative and much more fun for your dog. It is  comfortable and soft, and a sure way to maximize the playtime of your pooch.

4. Kyjen Squirrel Squeaker Mat

Plush toys are a great option for pit bulls. This squeaker mat is made of plush and has multiple squeakers which will give your dog more than one area to work on. And because the toy is made of plush, there is no chance that your dog will choke on the inside material when it tears the toy open, which he will.

5. Goughnuts Black Maxx Rubber Dog Ring

Although simple looking, this black ring is sturdy as a rock. The whole Goughnuts toy series is targeted towards dogs that are aggressive chewers. These dog toys are designed by polymer and mechanical engineers who have made them practically indestructible.

Furthermore, the toy’s shape makes it ideal for your pit bull to pick up, chew on and carry around in the house. It is also floatable, a bonus for pit bulls who like to take a dip in the pool once in a while. E Goughnuts products, including the Rubber Dog Ring, come with a unique built-in safety feature. The toy’s center comprises of a red material which is surrounded with a thick coat of black material. Once you start seeing signs of the red material, you know it is about time to get the toy replaced.

6. Sherpa Baby Dragon

Even though this may not be the strongest dog toy out there, the Sherpa Baby Dragon sure is a cute plush toy for an extreme chewer. What makes it so strong is its double seam and Kevlar-like material. That is probably not sufficient to prevent a dog from destroying the toys sweet inside stuffing, but it is definitely tougher than your regular plushie.

7. Dura Chew Wishbone by Nylabone

This is a toy wishbone that your aggressive pit bull won’t be snapping anytime soon. The shape of the toy is an interesting one and comes from three different prongs. Also, the mounted bristles on the surface of the toy help maintain your dog dental health by scrubbing off the plaque and tartar buildup.

8. Zogoflex Tux

This tux by West Paw is created with an extremely resistant material called the Zogoflex which will withstand your pit bulls attempts to chomp through the toy. It also makes a great option for swimmer dogs since it is floatable and also bouncy, perfect for active dogs.

9. Tuff Diamond Plate Orbee Ball by Planet Dog

Dogs absolutely love ball. However, regular balls are not made keeping in mind the intensity of sharp jaws of an extreme chewer. Although not completely unbreakable, the tuff orbee ball is perhaps the sturdiest of dog balls in the market at present day. The diamond plate specifically signifies durability. The company Planet Dog also offers a range of other tough balls like soccer ball, football and a variety of other fun and creative toys.

10. Dental Dinosaur by Nylabone

Dental toys are perfect for scrubbing your dog’s teeth clean, but a lot of them fail to endure the extreme aggression of strong dogs such as the pit bull. The Dental Dinosaur by Nylabone is specifically designed for serious chewers, which makes it great for holding up against strong dogs. That being said, it is important to keep in mind that stubborn puppies may be able to chew off tiny pieces of the dinosaur, so it is advisable that you thoroughly check the toy’s checking prior to purchasing it and periodically.

11. Romp n Roll by Jolly Pet

This is a multi-play toy that your dog can use to play fetch, tug-o-war, and so on, keeping your pup engaged for long periods of time. They ball is also floatable and can be punctured without being deflated, making it another excellent option for dogs that love water.

12. Dura Chew Bone by Nylabone

The dura chew is a simple, bone shaped toy created with nylon. Its structure is extremely firm and does not give way to teeth bites, unlike a rubber toy. Furthermore, there are ridges and grooves present that provide dental stimulation and texture, doubling the fun. The coarse surface of the toy bone helps scrub away tartar and plaque and ensures the health of the gums. The chew toy comes in a number of meaty flavors to add to the whole appeal. You can also choose from a variety of sizes, but it is advisable that you choose a slightly bigger one to avoid risk of choking.

However, unlike rubber toys, nylon toys come with a risk of splintering. For that reason, you will need to keep a close eye on your pit bull while she plays with her Dura Chew since splinters can get stuck in her digestive system or mouth and result in a number of serious health issues.  If you notice that your Pit Bull’s chew toy is starting to fall apart or has big pieces of it coming off, immediately replace the toy with a new one.

13. Bacon Flavored Wishbone Chew Toy by Benebone

Although bacon isn’t fit for canine consumption, you can still give your pit bull a taste of it with Benebone’s Bacon flavored chew wishbone toy! The product is hands down two of the top chew-resistant products in the market today, although a little pricier (just by a few dollars). It has a unique and interesting design of a wishbone and comprises of the toughest material.

The good thing about this toy is the presence of a connector between the two bones (the right and left side bones), which means that your pit bull can continue to enjoy the two bones even if he succeeds in chewing off/ripping apart/destroying the connector. The single toy will become two separate toy bones, minus the choking hazard too!

The only thing that you need to be careful about is the amount of time you let your pup chew on the toy. If you let him munch on it the entire day, the chew toy won’t last as long. Restrict the playtime with the Wishbone Chew Toy for a few hours in a day and you can expect it to last as solid 30 days.

Toys are not a luxury but a necessity for dogs. Make sure you invest in dog toys keeping in mind your pit Bull’s strength and personality, so that you do not end buying a toy that will be of no value to him, will not last as long, or result in a health problem.

10+ Best Dental Chews for Dogs to Maximize Their Dental Health


Dental health is just as critical for dogs as it is for humans. Lately if you have been avoiding the loving kisses of your canine friend because he could use a couple of breath mints then it is time you paid close attention to his dental hygiene. Luckily, there are a number of dog chews that come both in the form of edible treats and toys that will help maximize your dog’s fun time and oral health.

dental chews for dogs

The Importance of Doggie Dental Hygiene

Just like us, dogs too can become prey to halitosis, and a number of tooth and gum diseases resulting from a poor oral hygiene routine. Many people wrongly assume that it is ok and normal for dogs to have doggie breath but it really isn’t!

You should be taking care of your canine’s oral health on a regular basis and look out for signs of dental problems. Inflamed, red or swollen gums could mean that your dog might be experiencing gingivitis or gum disease. Reluctance to chew and bleeding gums are also key signs of dental problems. Loose or missing, tartar and plaque buildup are signs that your dog needs immediate assistance of a vet.

If left untreated, dental problems can become life threatening by contributing to serious health problems like kidney and liver disease. Accumulated bacteria from the decay and infection can spread from the teeth and gums into the main bloodstream and complicate things. So, never take your dog’s dental hygiene lightly.

To prevent such problems, all you need to do is implement a proper doggie oral hygiene regimen, which includes brushing his teeth regularly. Do not use human toothpaste as it can make your dog severely ill. Look out for enzymatic toothpastes that are specifically designed for dogs and are easily available on most of the local pet shops.

Another way to maintain your dog’s pretty smile is through dental chews which as mentioned above are available both in the form of toys and food. Dental chews are perhaps the easiest and most fun way of ensuring your dog’s dental health as it involves either playing or eating, two of the activities that your dog can almost never say ‘no’ to.

How Can Dental Chews Ensure the Health of Your Canine’s Canines?

The majority of canine dental problems are a result of tartar, bacteria and plaque buildup, all of which can be addressed with the simple act of chewing! According to WebMD report and many animal experts, dogs who chew a lot have a much less risk of developing plaque buildup, and some dental chews go as far as reducing plaque by 70%.

Dental chews that are long lasting are the best kinds since they encourage tons of chewing for long periods. If you combine chewy toys with chewy food, you will be able to get the best results. Plenty of dog foods create large kibbles which are anti crumbling, that produces a kind of scraping action when you dog consumes them.

Types of Dental Treats

There are a number of different kinds of dental treats that your dog can enjoy. Some of these are better at some things while others are better at other things. Listed below are the different kinds of dental dog treats you can look for in general.

Dental Chews

These comprise of different kinds of stuff, but the majority of them contain glycerin, which makes the product really chewy. Some of them taste like mint while others taste like chicken, etc.

Best Dental Chews Your Dog Needs To Try!

Blue Buffalo Dog Dental Chews

This dog chew is a great choice primarily because it very easy on the tummy as compared to the others. The ingredients included are also natural for the most part and it doesn’t contain animal byproducts, wheat, soy or corn. Instead, it includes healthy supplements like glucosamine, which great for dogs with joint problems.

Clenz A Dent Treats

These treats comprise of a special ingredient known as RF2 that has originated from vegetable and helps combat the formation of biofilm on your pet’s teeth.

Bonies 100% Natural Dental Bones

These are perhaps the best dental treats in the market since they contain 100% natural ingredients that are super healthy for your dog while maintaining their oral hygiene.


Greenies come in a unique shape of a toothbrush, so they have a better chance of cleaning your dog’s teeth. Because they are made with a combination of wheat and soy protein, your dog can digest them quite easily. The abrasive and chewier texture of the treat helps reduce the buildup of plaque. They are also low in fat and have 52% protein content required for a balanced diet.

Ora Clens Dental Hygiene Chews

This hygiene chew thoroughly cleans your dog’s teeth, prevents tartar and plaque buildup and also makes his breath smell fresher and cleaner. This product is one of dog owners’ favorites as it comes as very handy when there’s no time for brushing. These dental chews have an abrasive texture that thoroughly scrubs your dog’s teeth only to leave behind a set of clean and plaque free teeth.

Whimzees Dental Treats

These are flavored dog-dental chews that come in all fun shapes and sizes that your dog is surely going to love. Furthermore, they are made from natural ingredients that help enhance your dog’s digestion process. They are also quite delicious and come with a breath freshening and plaque removing mechanism.

Natural Balance Dental Chews

These dental chews include nice flavors like meat, duck meal and potatoes. They don’t particularly smell great to humans but to our canine friends, these chews are a treat! They are also formulated to improve breath but are not very long lasting.


There’s something about rawhide that makes all the dogs go crazy for it. Moreover, the great part about this is they are great for dogs’ teeth. Rawhides are made out of horse and cow hides and practically come in all sizes and shapes, but mostly resembles bones. They are firm to the touch, and take a very long time to chew, which makes them great for removing plaque and tartar buildup.

If you have a small dog, it can take her weeks before she’s finally through with rawhide. One thing that you should be very careful about is being with your dog when she is munching on the hide to prevent chances of her choking on the dental chew. There have been instances like that so it is better to be careful.

Dog Chew Toys

Although not eatable like dental treats, dog chew toys are a great way to keep your busy while optimizing his oral health. They are fun to play with and will ensure that your dog does not accumulate reserves of tartar and plaque.


The Kong ball and other toys are one of the most durable and best quality dog toys in the market today that can withstand your canine’s long spells of aggressive chewing.

Plaque Attackers

These products are made from firm yet chewy thermoplastic polymer that is best suited for light to averages chewers.


Gumabone is a product of Nylabone, which is a tough toy for aggressive chewers, and is a great choice if your dog chews through edible dental treat pretty quickly.

Nylabone Big Chews for Dogs

Big chews are especially designed for aggressive chewers and are therefore made from extra solid nylon and infused with different flavors that dogs enjoy the most. They are durable and vet approved, so can be rest assured that your dog is not munching onto dangerous ingredients.

Nylabone Flexibones Dental Chew Toys

These chew toys are best for puppies, infrequent chewers or canines that have a light bite. They are made from flexible and highly durable rubber that tastes terrific and lasts long so your dog can enjoy it for the longest period of time. Like other chew toys, the Nylabone Flexibones are also designed to reduce buildup of tartar and plaque and gently massage your dog’s teeth and gums for improved dental health. Because they come with flavors of real meat juice and are long lasting, these chew toys are one of the best investments you can make. Flexible and firm, they are perfect for less aggressive chewers.

Benebone Wishbone Chicken Flavor Chew

This bone-hard nylon chew toy is best suited for dogs that are aggressive chewers and/or have a strong bite. It comes with little pieces of real chicken, which really makes it a dog’s favorite chew toy. Thanks to their sturdy yet flexible structure, the chew toys are known to last much longer than eatable chews. Besides its delicious flavor, the Benebone Wishbone Chicken Flavor Chew delivers an effective tartar and plaque control mechanism while ensuring an enjoyable time for your dog. The product is not to be ingested, and is best suited for determined chewers with a medium to strong bite.